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However, this interpretation is not supported by philological evidence.
Other scholars argue for the origin from the Roman name for the festival of the Navigium Isidis ("ship of Isis"), where the image of Isis was carried to the seashore to bless the start of sailing season.
In Slavic Eastern Orthodox nations, Maslenitsa is celebrated during the last week before Great Lent.
In German-speaking Europe and the Netherlands, the Carnival season traditionally opens on 11/11 (often at a.m.).
As early as the year 325, the First Council of Nicaea attempted to end these pagan festivals.
and in areas with a high concentration of Anglicans (Church of England / Episcopal Church in the U. A.), Methodists, and other Protestants, pre-Lenten celebrations, along with penitential observances, occur on Shrove Tuesday.
Traditionally, a carnival feast was the last opportunity for common people to eat well, as there was typically a food shortage at the end of the winter as stores ran out.
Until spring produce was available, people were limited to the minimum necessary meals during this period.
Winter was thought of as the reign of the winter spirits; these needed to be driven out in order for the summer to return.
Carnival can thus be regarded as a rite of passage from darkness to light, from winter to summer: a fertility celebration, the first spring festival of the new year.