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Accordingly, Amir Fatehullah Shirazi, a renowned scholar of the time and the royal astronomer, formulated a new calendar based on the lunar Hijri and solar Hindu calendars.
The resulting Bangla calendar was introduced following the harvesting season when the peasantry would be in a relatively sound financial position.
At the time of the introduction of the Tarikhe-e-Elahi, the difference between the Gregorian and Hijri years was 1556-963=593 years, and the difference in 2002 remains the same: 2002-1409=593 years.
During the reign of Akbar, each day of the month used to have a different name.
The Mughal emperors had been using the Hijri calendar for the purposes of collecting revenue.
However, as Abul Fazl explains in Akbar Namah, the use of the Hijri calendar was irksome to the peasantry because there was a difference of 11 or 12 days between the lunar and the solar years, with 31 lunar years being equal to 30 solar years.
During the four hundred odd years that have elapsed since the Tarikh-e-Elahi was promulgated, a difference of 14 years has arisen between the Hijri and Bangla calendars.Bengali Calendar The Bangla Calendar or Bangla calendar may refer to the sidereal solar used by the Bangla people in their calendar officially used in Bangladesh.The year begins on Pohela Boishakh, which falls on 14 April according to the tropical calendar in Bangladesh. The Bangla year is 594 less than the AD or CE year in the Gregorian year if it is before Pôhela Boishakh, or 593 less after Pôhela Boishakh.Hence the difference that has arisen between the Hijri calendar and the Bangla one: 2002 is 1408 of the Bangla year but 1422 of the Hijri year.The difference between the Bangla year and the Gregorian year, both of which are solar years, has remained the same.